Close
Close

Buy a life insurance plan in a few clicks

Now you can buy life insurance plans completely online right here.

  • Kotak e-Term Plan

    Kotak e-Term Plan is a pure term plan that provides a high level of protection to your loved ones in your absence.

  • Kotak e-Assured Savings Plan

    Kotak e-Assured Savings Plan not only provides affordable protection but also helps accrue wealth for accomplishing your upcoming financial aims by giving guaranteed benefits.

Close

Get a Call

Enter your contact details below and we will get in touch with you at the earliest.

  • Select your Query

Thank you

Our representative will get in touch with you at the earliest.

Back

Tax Structure in India

  • 10th Dec 2018
  • 660
Tax Structure in India

The government imposes taxes to fund various projects related to infrastructure, public schools, military production, and law enforcement, among others for the overall development of the nation.

The tax system in India is a three-tier structure, which includes the State Government, Central Government, and the local authorities such as municipal corporations. It is important to note that taxes in the country cannot be levied unless it is passed as a law.

Types of tax in India

The tax system in India constitutes of two types of taxes – direct tax and indirect tax. 

A direct tax is imposed on individuals and corporate entities. Such a type of tax is borne solely by the taxpayer and is dependent on the income group, which the taxpayer falls in. The lower income group assumes a lower tax liability and vice versa. Some common types of direct taxes include income tax, wealth tax, gift tax, and capital gains tax. There are two major types of direct tax in India – Income tax and corporation tax. While income tax is levied on individuals and organizations, corporation tax is charged on domestic corporates towards the profits they earn for a specific period.

Indirect taxes, on the other hand, are those, which are levied through goods and services. Earlier, there were numerous indirect taxes in play such as Value Added Tax, octroi, entry tax, entertainment tax, and Central Sales Tax, among others. However, the Goods and Services Tax (GST), which came into effect on 1st July 2017, replaced the tax structure in India. The main aim of GST was to eliminate the cascading effect of taxes on the sale of goods and services. This, in turn, had a direct impact on the cost of goods. As the cascading effect of tax was removed, the cost of goods decreased.

The GST regime eliminated around 17 taxes and imposed just three taxes – namely Central GST (CGST), State GST (SGST), and Integrated GST (IGST).

  • Central GST –This tax is levied on intra-state sale and is collected by the Central Government.
  • State GST – This tax is imposed on intra-state sale and is collected by the State Government. 

This means that for any sale within a state, say within Tamil Nadu, CGST is levied in addition to SGST. Therefore, the revenue will be shared equally between both the State and the Central Government.

  • Integrated GST – This tax is applicable to an inter-state sale, for instance, a sale transaction between Tamil Nadu to Maharashtra. It is collected by the Central Government. 

Revenue authorities in India

There are various bodies governing and regulating the tax system in India. The following are the two main revenue authorities in the country.

Central Board of Direct Taxes

This body is responsible for providing inputs regarding planning and policies about direct taxes. The Central Board of Direct Taxes is a part of the Department of Revenue in the Ministry of Finance.

Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs

This body is also part of the Department of Revenue in the Ministry of Finance. It was renamed from Central Board of Excise and Customs, based on the proposal by the Finance Minister Arun Jaitley. This revenue authority assists the government in formulating policies in relation to GST, along with central excise levy and customs functions.

The tax structure in India has undergone numerous modifications in the past years. There have been changes with regard to standardization of income tax rates and easier governing laws. Due to this, the government has achieved results such as higher compliance with tax laws, enhanced enforcement, and ease of paying taxes.

Tags

Also read

  • Tax Saving Guide for 2018-19

    Tax Saving Guide for 2018-19

    As responsible citizens of India, it is the duty of every individual to pay taxes to the government.

    Read more
  • Types of Riders in Insurance Policy
    • 10th Dec 2018
    • 388

    Types of Riders in Insurance Policy

    Riders in insurance are very important as it gives extra benefits to the insurance holder at slightly high premium. Read the article to know 5 differe...

    Read more

Related Plans

  • Kotak Income Protection plan

    Kotak Income Protection plan

    Kotak Income Protection Plan provides a Monthly Income which increases @ 6% p.a. compounding for the remaining policy term to ensure that you secure y...

    Know more
  • Kotak Invest Maxima

    Kotak Invest Maxima

    Kotak Invest Maxima is an investment oriented unit-linked life insurance plan with maximum premium allocation and a Systematic Switching Strategy that...

    Know more
  • Kotak e-Term Plan

    Kotak e-Term Plan

    Kotak e-Term Plan is a pure term insurance plan that provides a holistic life protection at affordable prices. Find out the eligibility criteria, key ...

    Know more